flnt20230630_10q.htm
0001460329 Fluent, Inc. false --12-31 Q2 2023 209 544 0.0001 0.0001 10,000,000 10,000,000 0 0 0 0 0.0005 0.0005 200,000,000 200,000,000 85,751,226 84,385,458 81,139,657 80,085,306 4,611,569 4,300,152 3 20 1,480 0 5 2 2 1 2 1 5 3 1 4 As discussed in Note 7, Common stock, treasury stock and warrants, the increase in treasury stock was due to shares withheld to cover statutory withholding taxes upon the delivery of shares following vesting of RSUs. As of June 30, 2023, there were 4,611,569 outstanding shares of treasury stock. Vested not delivered represents vested RSUs with delivery deferred to a future time. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, there was a net increase in the vested not delivered balance as a result of the vesting of the 19,592 shares that were deferred due to timing of delivery of certain shares. As of June 30, 2023, 1,719,592 outstanding RSUs were vested not delivered. Revenue aggregation is based upon location of the customer. 00014603292023-01-012023-06-30 xbrli:shares 00014603292023-08-10 thunderdome:item iso4217:USD 00014603292023-06-30 00014603292022-12-31 iso4217:USDxbrli:shares 00014603292023-04-012023-06-30 00014603292022-04-012022-06-30 00014603292022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-03-31 00014603292023-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-03-31 00014603292022-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-06-30 00014603292022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-31 00014603292021-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-06-30 utr:Y 0001460329us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember2022-12-31 0001460329flnt:AcquiredProprietaryTechnologyMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:AcquiredProprietaryTechnologyMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:AcquiredProprietaryTechnologyMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:TradeNamesMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:InternetDomainNamesMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:InternetDomainNamesMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:DatabasesMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:DatabasesMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:DatabasesMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember2022-12-31 xbrli:pure 0001460329flnt:WinopolyLLCMember2020-04-01 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMember2022-01-01 0001460329flnt:SoftwareDevelopedForInternalUseNotCommencedAmortizationMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentMember2023-03-31 0001460329flnt:FluentMember2023-01-012023-03-31 0001460329flnt:FluentMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:NewCreditFacilityTermLoanMember2021-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberflnt:TheCreditAgreementMember2021-03-31 0001460329us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberflnt:TheCreditAgreementMember2021-04-012021-06-30 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMember2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMembersrt:MinimumMemberflnt:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMembersrt:MaximumMemberflnt:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMember2021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLibor1Member2021-03-312021-03-31 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMembersrt:MinimumMemberflnt:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentInc2022OmnibusEquityIncentivePlanMember2022-08-10 0001460329flnt:FluentInc2022OmnibusEquityIncentivePlanMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberflnt:VestingIfStockPriceIsAbove125PercentOfExercisePriceFor20ConsecutiveDaysMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2019-12-202019-12-20 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2020-03-012020-03-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2021-03-012021-03-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberflnt:VestingIfStockPriceIsAbove156Point25PercentOfExercisePriceFor20ConsecutiveDaysMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2019-12-202019-12-20 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2020-03-012020-03-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2021-03-012021-03-01 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberflnt:The2018StockIncentivePlanMember2019-01-012019-12-31 00014603292019-02-01 00014603292019-12-20 00014603292020-03-01 0001460329srt:MaximumMember2021-03-01 0001460329srt:MinimumMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329srt:MaximumMember2019-02-012019-02-01 0001460329srt:MinimumMember2019-12-202019-12-20 0001460329srt:MaximumMember2019-12-202019-12-20 0001460329srt:MinimumMember2020-03-012020-03-01 0001460329srt:MaximumMember2020-03-012020-03-01 0001460329srt:MinimumMember2021-03-012021-03-01 0001460329srt:MaximumMember2021-03-012021-03-01 00014603292019-02-012019-02-01 00014603292019-12-202019-12-20 00014603292020-03-012020-03-01 00014603292021-03-012021-03-01 00014603292022-01-012022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:TransactionGrantsMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMembercountry:US2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMembercountry:US2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMembercountry:US2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMembercountry:US2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMembercountry:US2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMembercountry:US2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMembercountry:US2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMembercountry:US2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2023-04-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2022-04-012022-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2022-01-012022-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2023-06-30 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMember2022-12-31 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2022-12-31 0001460329flnt:FluentSegmentMemberflnt:InternationalCustomerMember2023-01-012023-06-30 0001460329us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMemberflnt:NewYorkStateDepartmentOfTaxationAndFinanceMember2022-03-312022-03-31 0001460329flnt:CivilInvestigativeDemandFederalTradeCommissionFTCMember2023-03-23 0001460329flnt:CivilInvestigativeDemandFederalTradeCommissionFTCMember2023-03-26 0001460329flnt:TCPAClassActionDanielBermanVFreedomFinancialNetworkMember2023-01-012023-03-31 0001460329flnt:TCPAClassActionDanielBermanVFreedomFinancialNetworkMember2023-02-072023-02-07 0001460329flnt:TCPAClassActionDanielBermanVFreedomFinancialNetworkMemberflnt:LossContingencySettlementContributionMember2023-02-072023-02-07 0001460329flnt:TCPAClassActionDanielBermanVFreedomFinancialNetworkMemberflnt:LossContingencyExecutionofTheSettlementAgreementMember2023-02-072023-02-07 0001460329flnt:TCPAClassActionDanielBermanVFreedomFinancialNetworkMemberflnt:LossContingencyInterestbearingNoteAgreementTermsMember2023-02-072023-02-07 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMember2022-01-012022-01-01 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMemberflnt:SubscribersMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-01-012022-01-01 0001460329flnt:TrueNorthLoyaltyLlcMemberflnt:CallCentersMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-01-012022-01-01 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMember2023-01-09 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMember2023-01-092023-01-09 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMemberflnt:AchievementOfSpecifiedRevenueAndMediaMarginTargetsMember2023-01-092023-01-09 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMemberflnt:PublisherContractsMember2023-01-09 0001460329flnt:TappLlcMemberus-gaap:TradeSecretsMember2023-01-09 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:NewCreditFacilityTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2023-08-142023-08-14 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:NewCreditFacilityTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2023-08-212023-08-21 0001460329us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberflnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2023-08-21 0001460329flnt:TheCreditAgreementMemberflnt:NewCreditFacilityTermLoanMember2023-06-30
 

 

Table of Contents



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549 

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2023

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                     to                    

 

Commission File Number 001-37893

 


 

FLUENT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

Delaware

77-0688094

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

300 Vesey Street, 9th Floor

New York, New York

10282
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

 

(646) 669-7272

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Not Applicable 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 


 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

     

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.0005 par value per share

 

FLNT

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  Yes    ☐  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    ☒  Yes    ☐  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):    Yes      No  ☒

As of August 17, 2023, the registrant had 81,147,991 shares of common stock, $0.0005 par value per share outstanding.



 

 

 
 

FLUENT, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

Page

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022

2

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022

3

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022

4

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022

5

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

6

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

20

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

33

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

34

 

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

35

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

36

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

37

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

37

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

37

Item 5.

Other Information

37

Item 6.

Exhibits

38

Signatures

39

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, all references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to "we," "us," "our," "Fluent," or the "Company," refer to Fluent, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

FLUENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

  

June 30, 2023

  

December 31, 2022

 

ASSETS:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $20,983  $25,547 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $209 and $544, respectively

  58,120   63,164 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

  9,941   3,506 

Total current assets

  89,044   92,217 

Property and equipment, net

  783   964 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

  4,278   5,202 

Intangible assets, net

  28,525   28,745 

Goodwill

  

30,966

   55,111 

Other non-current assets

  1,486   1,730 

Total assets

 $155,082  $183,969 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:

        

Accounts payable

 $13,303  $6,190 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

  27,469   35,626 

Deferred revenue

  895   1,014 

Current portion of long-term debt

  10,000   5,000 

Current portion of operating lease liability

  2,309   2,389 

Total current liabilities

  53,976   50,219 

Long-term debt, net

  27,989   35,594 

Operating lease liability

  2,734   3,743 

Other non-current liabilities

  2,248   458 

Total liabilities

  86,947   90,014 

Contingencies (Note 10)

          

Shareholders' equity:

        

Preferred stock — $0.0001 par value, 10,000,000 Shares authorized; Shares outstanding — 0 shares for both periods

      

Common stock — $0.0005 par value, 200,000,000 Shares authorized; Shares issued — 85,751,226 and 84,385,458, respectively; and Shares outstanding — 81,139,657 and 80,085,306, respectively (Note 7)

  43   42 

Treasury stock, at cost — 4,611,569 and 4,300,152 Shares, respectively (Note 7)

  (11,407)  (11,171)

Additional paid-in capital

  425,491   423,384 

Accumulated deficit

  (345,992)  (318,300)

Total shareholders' equity

  68,135   93,955 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 $155,082  $183,969 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 

 

 

FLUENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Revenue

  $ 82,145     $ 98,361     $ 159,399     $ 187,424  

Costs and expenses:

                               

Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

    59,540       70,026       117,812       137,589  

Sales and marketing

    4,215       4,484       9,028       8,336  

Product development

    4,615       4,802       9,553       9,357  

General and administrative

    3,941       11,688       16,266       22,975  

Depreciation and amortization

    3,095       3,332       5,454       6,639  

Goodwill impairment and write-off of intangible assets

          55,400       25,700       55,528  

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

          21             21  

Total costs and expenses

    75,406       149,753       183,813       240,445  

Income (loss) from operations

    6,739       (51,392 )     (24,414 )     (53,021 )

Interest expense, net

    (795 )     (430 )     (1,484 )     (814 )

Income (loss) before income taxes

    5,944       (51,822 )     (25,898 )     (53,835 )

Income tax expense

    (1,693 )     (5,122 )     (1,794 )     (5,122 )

Net income (loss)

    4,251       (56,944 )     (27,692 )     (58,957 )
                                 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:

                               

Basic

  $ 0.05     $ (0.70 )   $ (0.34 )   $ (0.73 )

Diluted

  $ 0.05     $ (0.70 )   $ (0.34 )   $ (0.73 )
                                 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

                               

Basic

    82,727,971       81,493,821       82,323,854       81,193,107  

Diluted

    82,752,646       81,493,821       82,323,854       81,193,107  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 

 

 

FLUENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

   

Common stock

   

Treasury stock

   

Additional paid-in

   

Accumulated

   

Total shareholders'

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

deficit

   

equity

 

Balance at March 31, 2023

    85,545,397     $ 43       4,611,569     $ (11,407 )   $ 424,531     $ (350,243 )   $ 62,924  

Vesting of restricted stock units and issuance of stock under incentive plans

    205,829                                      

Share-based compensation

                            960             960  

Net income

                                  4,251       4,251

 

Balance at June 30, 2023

    85,751,226     $ 43       4,611,569     $ (11,407 )   $ 425,491     $ (345,992 )   $ 68,135  
                                                         

Balance at December 31, 2022

    84,385,458     $ 42       4,300,152     $ (11,171 )   $ 423,384     $ (318,300 )   $ 93,955  

Vesting of restricted stock units and issuance of stock under incentive plans

    1,365,768       1                   (1 )            

Increase in treasury stock resulting from shares withheld to cover statutory taxes

                311,417       (236 )                 (236 )

Share-based compensation

                            2,108             2,108  

Net loss

                                  (27,692 )     (27,692 )

Balance at June 30, 2023

    85,751,226     $ 43       4,611,569     $ (11,407 )   $ 425,491     $ (345,992 )   $ 68,135  

 

 

   

Common stock

   

Treasury stock

   

Additional paid-in

   

Accumulated

   

Total shareholders'

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

deficit

   

equity

 

Balance at March 31, 2022

    83,983,587     $ 42       4,300,152     $ (11,171 )   $ 420,285     $ (196,981 )   $ 212,175  

Vesting of restricted stock units and issuance of stock under incentive plans

    162,495                                      

Share-based compensation

                            887             887  

Net loss

                                  (56,944 )     (56,944 )

Balance at June 30, 2022

    84,146,082     $ 42       4,300,152     $ (11,171 )   $ 421,172     $ (253,925 )   $ 156,118  
                                                         

Balance at December 31, 2021

    83,057,083     $ 42       4,091,823     $ (10,723 )   $ 419,059     $ (194,968 )   $ 213,410  

Vesting of restricted stock units and issuance of restricted stock

    1,088,999                         211             211  

Increase in treasury stock resulting from shares withheld to cover statutory taxes

                208,329       (448 )                 (448 )

Share-based compensation

                            1,902             1,902  

Net loss

                                  (58,957 )     (58,957 )

Balance at June 30, 2022

    84,146,082     $ 42       4,300,152     $ (11,171 )   $ 421,172     $ (253,925 )   $ 156,118  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 

 

 

FLUENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2023

   

2022

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

               

Net loss

  $ (27,692 )   $ (58,957 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    5,454       6,639  

Non-cash loan amortization expense

    133       135  

Share-based compensation expense

    1,997       1,851  

Goodwill impairment

    25,700       55,400  

Write-off of intangible assets

          128  

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

          21  

Provision for bad debt

    (92 )     158  

Deferred income taxes

           

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of business acquisitions:

               

Accounts receivable

    5,136       (7,913 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    (6,435 )     488  

Other non-current assets

    244       (25 )

Operating lease assets and liabilities, net

    (165 )     (85 )

Accounts payable

    7,113       913  

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

    (9,147 )     (451 )

Deferred revenue

    (119 )     (177 )

Other

    (76 )     (72 )

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

    2,051       (1,947 )

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

               

Capitalized costs included in intangible assets

    (2,370 )     (2,199 )

Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

    (1,250 )     (971 )

Acquisition of property and equipment

   

(22

)     (6 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (3,642 )     (3,176 )

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

               

Repayments of long-term debt

    (2,500 )     (2,500 )

Debt financing costs

    (237 )      

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of vesting of restricted stock units

    (236 )     (448 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (2,973 )     (2,948 )

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

    (4,564 )     (8,071 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    25,547       34,467  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 20,983     $ 26,396  

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE INFORMATION

               

Cash paid for interest

  $ 1,434       687  

Cash paid for income taxes

  $ 78       35  

Share-based compensation capitalized in intangible assets

  $ 51       51  

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES

               

Contingent payments in connection with TAPP consolidation

  $ 2,915     $  

Deferred payment in connection with True North acquisition

  $     $ 860  

Contingent consideration in connection with True North acquisition

  $     $ 250  

Equity issued in connection with True North acquisition

  $     $ 211  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

1. Summary of significant accounting policies

 

(a) Basis of preparation 

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Fluent, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the "Company" or "Fluent"), in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations.

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for any future interim periods or for the full year ending December 31, 2023.

 

From time to time, the Company may enter into relationships or investments with other entities, and, in certain instances, the entity in which the Company has a relationship or investment may qualify as a variable interest entity ("VIE"). The Company consolidates a VIE in its financial statements if the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The primary beneficiary is the party that has the power to direct activities that most significantly impact the operations of the VIE and has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. 

 

The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended  December 31, 2022 ("2022 Form 10-K") filed with the SEC on March 15, 2023. The consolidated balance sheet as of  December 31, 2022 included herein was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date and included in the 2022 Form 10-K.

 

Principles of consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant transactions among the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

(b) Recently issued and adopted accounting standards

 

Accounting pronouncements not listed below were assessed and determined to be not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Updates No. 2016-13, Financial InstrumentsCredit Losses and additional changes, modifications, clarifications, or interpretations thereafter, which require a reporting entity to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, and present assets held at amortized cost and available-for-sale debt securities at the amounts expected to be collected. The new guidance was effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022, and early adoption was permitted. The Company completed its assessment of the new guidance and determined it had no material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

(c) Revenue recognition

 

Revenue is generated when control of goods or services is transferred to customers, in the amounts that reflect the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company's performance obligation is typically to (a) deliver data records based on predefined qualifying characteristics specified by the customer, (b) generate conversions based on predefined user actions (for example, a click, a registration or the installation of an app) and subject to certain qualifying characteristics specified by the customer, (c) verify user interest or transfer calls to advertiser clients as a part of the contact center operation, or (d) deliver media spend as a part of the business of AdParlor, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.

 

Revenue is recognized upon satisfaction of the associated performance obligation. The Company elected the "right to invoice" practical expedient under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606-10-55-18 as a measure for revenue to be recognized, as it corresponds directly with the amounts that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.

 

If a customer pays consideration before the Company's performance obligations are satisfied, such amounts are classified as deferred revenue on the consolidated balance sheets. As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the balance of deferred revenue was  $895 and $1,014, respectively. The majority of the deferred revenue balance as of  December 31, 2022 was recognized as revenue during the first quarter of 2023.

 

When there is a delay between the period in which revenue is recognized and when a customer invoice is issued, revenue is earned, and the related amounts are recorded as unbilled revenue within accounts receivable on the consolidated balance sheets. As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, unbilled revenue included in accounts receivable was $21,526 and $26,878, respectively. In line with industry practice, the unbilled revenue balance is recorded based on the Company's internally tracked conversions, net of estimated variances between this amount and the amount tracked and subsequently confirmed by customers. Substantially all amounts included within the unbilled revenue balance are invoiced to customers within the month directly following the period of service. Historical estimates related to unbilled revenue have not been materially different from actual revenue billed.

 

(d) Use of estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions relating to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the allowance for doubtful accounts, useful lives of intangible assets, recoverability of the carrying amounts of goodwill and intangible assets, the portion of revenue subject to estimates for variances between internally-tracked conversions and those confirmed by the customer, purchase accounting, consolidation of variable interest entity, accruals for contingencies, and income tax provisions. These estimates are often based on complex judgments and assumptions that management believes to be reasonable but are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

(e) Fair value

 

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.

 

Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Accounting standards describe a fair value hierarchy based on the following three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value:

 

 

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets, liabilities, or funds.

 

Level 2— Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

The fair value of the Company’s cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their carrying values because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

As of June 30, 2023, the Company regards the fair value of its long-term debt to approximate its carrying value. The fair value assessment represents a Level 2 measurement. See Note 5, Long-term debt, net.

 

The fair value of certain long-lived non-financial assets and liabilities may be required to be measured on a nonrecurring basis in certain circumstances, including when there is evidence of impairment. As of June 30, 2023, certain non-financial assets have been measured at fair value subsequent to their initial recognition. The Company determined the estimated fair value to be a Level 3, as certain inputs used to determine fair value are unobservable. See Note 4, Goodwill, for further discussion of impairment charges.

 

 

2. Income (loss) per share

 

Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, in addition to restricted stock units ("RSUs") that are vested but not delivered. Diluted income (loss) per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock are exercised or converted into common stock and is calculated using the treasury stock method for stock options, restricted stock units, restricted stock, warrants and deferred common stock. Stock equivalent shares are excluded from the calculation in loss periods, as their effects would be anti-dilutive.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, basic and diluted income (loss) per share were as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended June 30,

  

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
  

2023

  

2022

  

2023

  

2022

 

Numerator:

                

Net income (loss)

 $4,251  $(56,944) $(27,692) $(58,957)

Denominator:

                

Weighted average shares outstanding

  81,012,997   79,793,240   80,613,857   79,479,049 

Weighted average restricted shares vested not delivered

  1,714,974   1,700,581   1,709,997   1,714,058 

Total basic weighted average shares outstanding

  82,727,971   81,493,821   82,323,854   81,193,107 

Dilutive effect of assumed conversion of restricted stock units

  24,675          

Total diluted weighted average shares outstanding

  82,752,646   81,493,821   82,323,854   81,193,107 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:

                

Basic

 $0.05  $(0.70) $(0.34) $(0.73)

Diluted

 $0.05  $(0.70) $(0.34) $(0.73)

 

Based on exercise prices compared to the average stock prices for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, certain stock equivalents, including stock options and warrants, have been excluded from the diluted weighted average share calculations due to their anti-dilutive nature.

 

  

Three Months Ended June 30,

  

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
  

2023

  

2022

  

2023

  

2022

 

Restricted stock units

  5,568,341   1,875,000   5,592,510   1,875,000 

Stock options

  2,139,000   2,139,000   2,139,000   2,139,000 

Total anti-dilutive securities

  7,707,341   4,014,000   7,731,510   4,014,000 

 

8

 

FLUENT, INC.

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

3. Intangible assets, net

 

Intangible assets, net, other than goodwill, consist of the following: 

 

  

Amortization period (in years)

  

June 30, 2023

  

December 31, 2022

 

Gross amount:

            

Software developed for internal use

  3  $16,664   13,740 

Acquired proprietary technology

  3-5   16,972   15,965 

Customer relationships

  5-10   39,168   38,068 

Trade names

  4-20   16,657   16,657 

Domain names

  20   195   195 

Databases

  5-10   31,292   31,292 

Non-competition agreements

  2-5   1,768   1,768 
       122,716   117,685 

Total gross amount

            

Accumulated amortization:

            

Software developed for internal use

      (10,007)  (8,097)

Acquired proprietary technology

      (14,825)  (14,305)

Customer relationships

      (36,202)  (35,156)

Trade names

      (6,484)  (6,038)

Domain names

      (72)  (68)

Databases

      (24,833)  (23,508)

Non-competition agreements

      (1,768)  (1,768)

Total accumulated amortization

      (94,191)  (88,940)

Net intangible assets:

            

Software developed for internal use

      6,657   5,643 

Acquired proprietary technology

      2,147   1,660 

Customer relationships

      2,966   2,912 

Trade names

      10,173   10,619 

Domain names

      123   127 

Databases

      6,459   7,784 

Total intangible assets, net

     $28,525  $28,745 

 

The gross amounts associated with software developed for internal use primarily represent capitalized costs of internally developed software. The amounts relating to acquired proprietary technology, customer relationships, trade names, domain names, databases and non-competition agreements primarily represent the fair values of intangible assets acquired as a result of the acquisition of Fluent, LLC, effective December 8, 2015 (the "Fluent LLC Acquisition"); the acquisition of Q Interactive, LLC, effective June 8, 2016 (the "Q Interactive Acquisition"); the acquisition of substantially all the assets of AdParlor Holdings, Inc. and certain of its affiliates, effective July 1, 2019 (the "AdParlor Acquisition"); the acquisition of a 50% interest in Winopoly, LLC (the "Initial Winopoly Acquisition"), effective April 1, 2020; the acquisition of a 100% interest in True North Loyalty, LLC, (the "True North Acquisition"), effective January 1, 2022 (see Note 11, Business acquisition), and the consolidation of TAPP, LLC ("TAPP") effective January 9, 2023 (see Note 12, Variable Interest Entity).

 

The Company completed its quarterly triggering event assessments for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and has determined that the effect of the recently imposed regulatory requirements on the Company constituted a triggering event. The Company conducted an interim test of the recoverability of its long-lived assets, which compared projected undiscounted cash flows to the carrying value of the asset group. The results of this approach indicated that its long-lived assets were not impaired.

 

9

 

FLUENT, INC.

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

Amortization expense of $2,995 and $3,218 for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $5,251 and $6,359 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, is included in depreciation and amortization expenses in the consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2023, intangible assets with a carrying amount of $1,184, included in the gross amount of software developed for internal use, have not commenced amortization, as they are not ready for their intended use.

 

As of June 30, 2023, estimated amortization expenses related to the Company's intangible assets for the remainder of 2023 and through 2028 and thereafter are as follows:

 

Year

 

June 30, 2023

 

Remainder of 2023

 $6,636 

2024

  8,676 

2025

  6,360 

2026

  2,765 

2027

  1,657 

2028 and thereafter

  2,431 

Total

 $28,525 

 

 

4. Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the difference between the purchase price and the estimated fair value of net assets acquired, when accounted for under business combination accounting. As of June 30, 2023, the total balance of goodwill was $30,966, a decrease of $24,145 from December 31, 2022, as a result of a non-cash impairment charge of $25,700, offset by a $1,555 increase in goodwill related to the TAPP consolidation (see Note 12, Variable Interest Entities). The balance also relates to the Fluent LLC Acquisition, the Q Interactive Acquisition, the AdParlor Acquisition, the Initial Winopoly Acquisition, and the True North Acquisition (see Note 11, Business acquisition).

 

In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, goodwill is assessed at least annually for impairment, or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable, by assessing qualitative factors or performing a quantitative analysis in determining whether it is more likely than not that its fair value exceeds the carrying value. The measurement date of the Company's annual goodwill impairment test is set to October 1.

 

The Company completed its quarterly triggering event assessments for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and determined that the decline in the market value of its publicly-traded stock, which resulted in a corresponding decline in its market capitalization, constituted a triggering event. The Company conducted an interim test of the fair value of the Fluent reporting unit's goodwill for potential impairment as of March 31, 2023. The Company considered a combination of income and market approaches to determine the fair value of the Fluent reporting unit. The Company determined that a market-based approach, which considered the Company’s implied market multiple applied to management’s forecast and further adjusted for a control premium, provided the best indication of fair value of the Fluent reporting unit. The results of this market-based approach indicated that its carrying value exceeded its fair value by 20%. The Company therefore concluded that the Fluent reporting unit’s goodwill of $51,614 was impaired and recorded a non-cash impairment charge of $25,700.

 

The Company completed its quarterly triggering event assessments for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and determined that the effect of the recently imposed regulatory requirements and the effect of the continued economic slowdown on the Company’s expected operating results had both constituted a triggering event. The Company conducted an interim test of the fair value of the Fluent reporting unit's goodwill for potential impairment related to both triggering events as of June 30, 2023. The Company applied a combination of income and market approaches to determine the fair value of the Fluent reporting unit. The results of this approach indicated that its fair value exceeded its carrying value by 5%. The Company therefore concluded that the Fluent reporting unit’s goodwill of $27,469 was not impaired.

 

 

10

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

5. Long-term debt, net

 

Long-term debt, net of unamortized discount and financing costs, related to the Credit Facility consisted of the following:

 

  

June 30, 2023

  

December 31, 2022

 

Credit Facility due 2026 (less unamortized discount and financing costs of $761 and $656, respectively)

 $37,989  $40,594 

Less: Current portion of long-term debt

  (10,000)  (5,000)

Long-term debt, net (non-current)

 $27,989  $35,594 

 

Credit Facility

 

On March 31, 2021, Fluent, LLC ("Borrower") entered into a credit agreement (as amended, modified, extended, restated, replaced, or supplemented from time to time, the "Credit Agreement") with certain subsidiaries of Fluent, LLC as guarantors, and Citizens Bank, N.A. ("Citizens Bank") as administrative agent, lead arranger and bookrunner. The Credit Agreement provides for a term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $50,000 funded on the closing date (the "Term Loan"), along with an undrawn revolving credit facility of up to $15,000 (the "Revolving Loans," and together with the Term Loan, the "Credit Facility"). On May 15, 2023, the parties entered into a third amendment to the Credit Agreement, which amended certain provisions by adding an additional tier of applicable margin to the selected rates and providing for additional notice of certain material events and, for the remaining fiscal quarters of 2023: (i) established the applicable pricing floor; (ii) modified and adjusted certain EBITDA add-backs; (iii) added monthly financial reporting; (iv) provided additional financial covenant testing conditions on Fluent’s ability to draw on the Revolving Loans;; (v) added tiers to certain financial covenants and added a minimum cash liquidity financial covenant; (vi) provided additional restrictions on the ability to make loans and advances to officers, directors and employees; (vii) provided additional restrictions on the ability to invest in certain subsidiaries and joint ventures; (viii) provided additional restrictions on the ability to make additional loans, investments or permitted acquisitions; and (ix) added unrestricted cash requirements before the Company is permitted to pay dividends, make distributions or redeem or repurchase equity interests, in each case pursuant to the terms and conditions under the Credit Agreement. See Note 13, Subsequent Events.

 

The Credit Agreement matures on March 31, 2026, and interest is payable monthly. Scheduled principal amortization of the Term Loan is $1,250 per quarter, which commenced with the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021. As of  June 30, 2023, the Company was in compliance with all of the financial and other covenants applicable to the Term Loan under the Credit Agreement.

 

Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the benchmark selected by the Borrower, which may be based on the Alternative Base Rate, (as defined in the Credit Agreement), LIBOR (as defined in the Credit Agreement) rate (subject to a floor of 0.25%) prior to the election as of December 31, 2022 or Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Agreement) (subject to a floor of 0.00%) subsequent to the election, plus a margin applicable to the selected benchmark. The applicable margin is between 0.75% and 2.25% for borrowings based on the Alternative Base Rate and 1.75% and 3.25% for borrowings based on Term SOFR, depending upon the Borrower's total leverage ratio. The opening interest rate of the Credit Facility was 2.50% (LIBOR + 2.25%), which increased to 7.95% (Term SOFR + 0.1% + 2.75%) as of June 30, 2023.

 

The Credit Agreement also contains certain customary conditions applicable to extensions of credit, including that representations and warranties made in the Credit Agreement be materially true and correct at the time of such extension. The third amendment added an additional condition consisting of two financial covenants with which the Company must comply in order to draw on the Revolving Loans during the balance of 2023. As of June 30, 2023, the Company was not in compliance with this additional condition and was therefore unable to draw on the Revolving Loans. These matters do not represent Events of Default (as defined in the Credit Agreement) and therefore do not affect the Term Loan.

 

11

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

Maturities

 

As of June 30, 2023, scheduled future maturities of the Credit Agreement are as follows:

 

Year

  June 30, 2023 

Remainder of 2023

 $2,500 

2024

  5,000 

2025

  5,000 

2026

  26,250 

Total maturities

 $38,750 

 

 

6. Income taxes

 

The Company is subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States. The tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of the Company's annual effective tax rate ("AETR"). The Company updates its estimated AETR on a quarterly basis and, if the estimate changes, a cumulative adjustment is made. 

 

As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company recorded a full valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets and intends to continue maintaining a full valuation allowance on these net deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support the release of all or a portion of these allowances. Release of some or all of the valuation allowance would result in the recognition of certain deferred tax assets and an increase in deferred tax benefit for any period in which such a release may be recorded. However, the exact timing and amount of any valuation allowance release are subject to change, depending upon the level of profitability that the Company is able to achieve and the net deferred tax assets available.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company's effective income tax expense rate of 6.9% primarily represents the projected federal and state cash tax expense expected to result in taxable income for full-year 2023 after the impact of a non-deductible goodwill impairment against pre-tax year-to-date losses, offset by the benefit of federal research and development credits. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company's effective income tax benefit rate of 9.5% differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21%, with such differences resulting primarily from the projected federal and state cash tax expense expected after consideration of the impact of the non-deductible goodwill impairment against pre-tax year-to-date losses.

 

The Company assesses its income tax positions and records tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon its evaluation of the facts, circumstances, and information available as of the reporting dates. For those tax positions where it is more-likely-than-not that a tax benefit will be sustained, the Company has recorded the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where it is not more-likely-than-not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the Company's financial statements.

 

As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the balance of unrecognized tax benefits was $1,480. The unrecognized tax benefits, if sustained, would benefit the Company's tax provision. As of June 30, 2023, the Company has not accrued any interest or penalties with respect to its uncertain tax positions.

 

The Company does not anticipate a significant increase or reduction in unrecognized tax benefits within the next twelve months.

 

12

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

7. Common stock, treasury stock and warrants

 

Common stock

 

As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the number of issued shares of common stock was 85,751,226 and 84,385,458, respectively, which included shares of treasury stock of 4,611,569 and 4,300,152, respectively.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the change in the number of issued shares of common stock was the result of an aggregate 1,365,768 shares of common stock issued upon vesting of RSUs, including 311,417 shares of common stock withheld to cover statutory taxes upon such vesting, which are reflected in treasury stock, as discussed below.

 

Treasury stock

 

As of  June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company held shares of treasury stock of 4,611,569 and 4,300,152, respectively, with a cost of $11,407 and $11,171, respectively.

 

The Company's share-based incentive plans allow employees the option to either make cash payment or forfeit shares of common stock upon vesting to satisfy federal and state statutory tax withholding obligations associated with equity awards. The forfeited shares of common stock may be taken into treasury stock by the Company or sold on the open market. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, 311,417 shares of common stock were withheld to cover statutory taxes owed by certain employees for this purpose, all of which were taken into treasury stock. See Note 8, Share-based compensation. 

 

 

8. Share-based compensation

 

On June 8, 2022 (the "Effective Date"), the stockholders of the Company approved the Fluent, Inc. 2022 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (the "2022 Plan") that authorized for issuance 15,422,523 shares of the Company's common stock. As of June 30, 2023, the Company had 5,558,016 shares of common stock available for grants pursuant to the 2022 Plan, which includes 942,604 shares of common stock previously available for issuance under the 2018 Stock Incentive Plan. 

 

The primary purpose of the 2022 Plan and prior plans is to attract, retain, reward, and motivate certain individuals by providing them with opportunities to acquire or increase their ownership interests in the Company. In October 2022, the Company issued to certain of its senior officers and employees, restricted stock units ("RSUs") (time-based vesting), long-term incentive grants (performance and time-based vesting RSUs), or performance share units ("PSUs") (achievement of performance targets settled in cash) under the 2022 Plan.

 

13

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

Stock options

 

The Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors approved the grant of stock options to certain Company executives, which were issued on February 1, 2019, December 20, 2019,  March 1, 2020, and March 1, 2021. Subject to continuing service, 50% of the shares subject to these stock options will vest if the Company's stock price remains above 125.00%, 133.33%, 133.33% and 133.33%, respectively, of the exercise price for 20 consecutive trading days, and the remaining 50% of the shares subject to these stock options will vest if the Company's stock price remains above 156.25%, 177.78%, 177.78% and 177.78%, respectively, of the exercise price for 20 consecutive trading days; provided, that no shares will vest prior to the first anniversary of the grant date. As of June 30, 2023, the first condition for the stock options issued on February 1, 2019, December 20, 2019 and March 1, 2020 had been met and the second condition for the stock options issued on December 20, 2019 and March 1, 2020 had been met. Any shares that remain unvested as of the fifth anniversary of the grant date will vest in full on such date. The fair value of the stock options granted was estimated at the trading day before the date of grant using a Monte Carlo simulation model. The key assumptions utilized to calculate the grant-date fair values for these awards are summarized below:

 

Issuance Date

 

February 1, 2019

  

December 20, 2019

  

March 1, 2020

  

March 1, 2021

 

Fair value lower range

 $2.81  $1.58  $1.46  $4.34 

Fair value higher range

 $2.86  $1.61  $1.49  $4.43 

Exercise price

 $4.72  $2.56  $2.33  $6.33 

Expected term (in years)

  1.0 - 1.3   1.0 - 1.6   1.0 - 1.5   1.0 - 1.3 

Expected volatility

  65%  70%  70%  80%

Dividend yield

  %  %  %  %

Risk-free rate

  2.61%  1.85%  1.05%  1.18%

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2023, details of stock option activity were as follows:

 

  

Number of options

  

Weighted average exercise price per share

  

Weighted average remaining contractual term (in years)

  

Aggregate intrinsic value

 

Outstanding as of December 31, 2022

  2,139,000  $4.37   6.3  $ 

Granted

            

Exercised

            

Expired

            

Outstanding as of June 30, 2023

  2,139,000  $4.37   5.8

 

 $ 

Options exercisable as of June 30, 2023

  1,242,000  $3.98   

5.8

  $ 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value amounts in the table above represent the difference between the closing price of the Company's common stock at the end of the reporting period and the corresponding exercise prices, multiplied by the number of in-the-money stock options as of the same date.

 

14

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the unvested balance of stock options was as follows:

 

  

Number of stock options

  

Weighted average exercise price per share

  

Weighted average remaining contractual term (in years)

 

Unvested as of December 31, 2022

  897,000  $4.91   6.3 

Granted

         

Vested

         

Unvested as of June 30, 2023

  897,000  $4.91   5.8 

 

Compensation expense recognized for stock options of $0 and $20 for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $0 and $125 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, was recorded in sales and marketing, product development and general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2023, there was $0 of unrecognized share-based compensation with respect to outstanding stock options.

 

Restricted stock units and restricted stock

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2023, details of unvested RSU activity were as follows:

 

  

Number of units

  

Weighted average grant-date fair value

 

Unvested as of December 31, 2022

  4,223,156  $5.37 

Granted

  3,487,110  $0.89 

Vested and delivered

  (1,054,351) $3.13 

Withheld as treasury stock (1)

  (311,417) $1.82 

Vested not delivered (2)

  (19,592) $1.41 

Forfeited

  (732,396) $1.47 

Unvested as of June 30, 2023

  5,592,510  $4.05 

 

(1)

As discussed in Note 7, Common stock, treasury stock and warrants, the increase in treasury stock was due to shares withheld to cover statutory withholding taxes upon the delivery of shares following vesting of RSUs. As of June 30, 2023, there were 4,611,569 outstanding shares of treasury stock.

(2)

Vested not delivered represents vested RSUs with delivery deferred to a future time. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, there was a net increase in the vested not delivered balance as a result of the vesting of the 19,592 shares that were deferred due to timing of delivery of certain shares. As of June 30, 20231,719,592 outstanding RSUs were vested not delivered.

 

Compensation expense recognized for RSUs of $960 and $867 for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $2,108 and $1,777 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, was recorded in sales and marketing, product development and general and administrative in the consolidated statements of operations, and intangible assets, net in the consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of the RSUs and restricted stock was estimated using the closing prices of the Company's common stock on the dates of grant.

 

As of June 30, 2023, unrecognized share-based compensation expense associated with the granted RSUs and stock options amounted to $5,801, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.4 years.

 

15

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, share-based compensation for the Company's stock options, RSUs, and common stock awards were allocated to the following accounts in the consolidated financial statements:

 

  

Three Months Ended June 30,

  

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
  

2023

  

2022

  

2023

  

2022

 

Sales and marketing

 $129  $143  $296  $313 

Product development

  136   98   327   258 

General and administrative

  671   622   1,434   1,280 

Share-based compensation expense

  936   863   2,057   1,851 

Capitalized in intangible assets

  24   24   51   51 

Total share-based compensation

 $960  $887  $2,108  $1,902 

 

As of June 30, 2023, the Company recorded a liability of $14 related to PSUs that are to be settled in cash.

 

 

9. Segment information

 

The Company identifies operating segments as components of an entity for which discrete financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker ("CODM") in making decisions regarding resource allocation and performance assessment. The profitability measure employed by CODM is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization ("EBITDA"). As of June 30, 2023, the Company had two operating segments with two corresponding reporting units, "Fluent" and "All Other," and one reportable segment. "Fluent," for the purposes of segment reporting, represents the consolidated operating results of the Company excluding "All Other." "All Other" represents the operating results of AdParlor, LLC and is included for purposes of reconciliation of the respective balances below to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Summarized financial information concerning the Company's segments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 are shown in the following tables below:

 

  

Three Months Ended June 30,

  

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
  

2023

  

2022

  

2023

  

2022

 

Fluent segment revenue(1):

                

United States

  40,200  $54,684  $83,108  $115,343 

International

  39,809  $41,258   72,139   66,633 

Fluent segment revenue

  80,009   95,942   155,247   181,976 

All Other segment revenue(1):

                

United States

  2,136  $2,387  $4,152  $5,376 

International

     32      72 

All Other segment revenue

  2,136  $2,419  $4,152  $5,448 

Segment EBITDA

                

Fluent segment EBITDA

 $9,685  $(48,168) $(18,894) $(46,247)

All Other segment EBITDA

  149   108   (66)  (135)

Total EBITDA

  9,834   (48,060)  (18,960)  (46,382)

Depreciation and amortization

  3,095   3,332   5,454   6,639 

Total income (loss) from operations

 $6,739  $(51,392) $(24,414) $(53,021)

(1) Revenue aggregation is based upon location of the customer.

 

16

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

  

June 30,

  

December 31,

 
  2023  2022 

Total assets:

      

Fluent

 $140,236  $168,486 

All Other

  14,846   15,483 

Total assets

 $155,082  $183,969

 

 

As of June 30, 2023, long-lived assets are all located in the United States.

 

For the six months ended  June 30, 2023, the Company identified an international customer within the Fluent segment with revenue in the amount of $41,997 which represents 26% of consolidated revenue.

 

 

10. Contingencies

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is subject to loss contingencies that cover a range of matters. An estimated loss from a loss contingency, such as a legal proceeding or claim, is accrued if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. In determining whether a loss should be accrued, the Company evaluates, among other factors, the degree of probability and the ability to reasonably estimate the amount of any such loss. The Company does not accrue liabilities when the likelihood that the liability has been incurred is probable, but the amount cannot be reasonably estimated.

 

On March 31, 2022, the Company reached a settlement for $1,700 with the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (the "Tax Department") following a sales and use tax audit covering the period from December 1, 2010 to November 30, 2019. The Tax Department had asserted that revenue derived from certain of the Company’s customer acquisition and list management services were subject to sales tax, as a result of being deemed taxable information services. The settlement amount was paid on April 1, 2022. Since March 1, 2022, the Company has been collecting and remitting New York sales tax on certain types of revenue from New York based clients.

 

On January 28, 2020, Fluent received a Civil Investigative Demand from the Federal Trade Commission ("FTC") regarding compliance with the FTC Act and the Telemarketing Sales Rule. On October 18, 2022, the FTC staff sent the Company a draft complaint and proposed consent order seeking injunctive relief and a civil monetary penalty. On January 12, 2023, the Company made an initial proposal of $5,000 for the civil monetary penalty contingent on successful negotiation of the remaining outstanding injunctions and other provisions. The Company accrued the same amount for the year ending December 31, 2022. On  May 26, 2023, Fluent agreed to the terms of a Stipulated Order for Permanent Injunction, Monetary Judgment, Civil Penalty Judgment, and Other Relief (the "FTC Consent Order"). The FTC Consent Order imposed a civil penalty of $2,500, required additional changes to the Company’s employment opportunities marketplace and programmatic advertising business, and resulted in the implementation of compliance measures across the business. The same day, Fluent transferred the amount of the civil penalty to a third-party escrow account. On July 17, 2023, the FTC filed its Complaint for Civil Penalties, Permanent Injunction, Monetary Relief, and Other Relief and, together with Fluent, filed a Joint Motion for Entry of Proposed Stipulated Order in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. The FTC Consent Order was entered by the Court on August 11, 2023, and the escrow funds were released on August 15, 2023.

 
17

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

On October 6, 2020, the Company received notice from the Pennsylvania Office of the Attorney General ("PAAG") that it was reviewing the Company’s business practices relating to telemarketing. After the Company and the PAAG were unable to reach agreement on a proposed Assurance of Voluntary Compliance, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania filed a complaint for permanent injunction, civil penalties, and other relief in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania on November 2, 2022. On May 19, 2023, the parties entered into a settlement, wherein the Company agreed to injunctive relief and to pay the PAAG $250 for investigatory costs, all of which was paid as of June 30, 2023.

 

The Company has been involved in a Telephone Consumer Protection Act class action, Daniel Berman v. Freedom Financial Network, which was originally filed in 2018. On May 31, 2023, the parties entered into an Amended Class Action Settlement Agreement (the "Berman Settlement Agreement"), which includes injunctive provisions and payment to plaintiffs of $9,750 for legal fees and a consumer redress fund. On July 28, 2023, the Court preliminarily approved the Berman Settlement Agreement, and the Company contributed $3,100, payable following the final approval of the settlement. The final approval of the settlement is expected in mid-2024. The Company’s contribution amounts were accrued as of  December 31, 2022. This amount is payable $1,100 in cash and $2,000 pursuant to an interest-bearing note with a two-year term provided by co-defendant, Freedom Financial Network.

 

 

11. Business acquisition

 

True North Acquisition

 

On  January 1, 2022, the Company acquired a 100% membership interest in True North Loyalty, LLC for a deemed purchase price of $2,321, which consisted of $1,000 in cash at closing, $860 of deferred payments due at both the first and second anniversary of the closing date adjusted for net working capital, and contingent consideration with a fair value at the closing date of $250, payable in common stock based upon the achievement of specified revenue targets over the five-year period following the completion of the acquisition. The Company also issued 100,000 shares of fully-vested common stock to the sellers valued at $211. Certain seller parties entered into employment and non-competition agreements with the Company in connection with the True North Acquisition. True North Loyalty, LLC is a subscription-based business that utilizes call center operations and other media channels to market recurring revenue services to consumers. In accordance with ASC 805, the Company determined that the True North Acquisition constituted the purchase of a business.

 

Since January 1, 2022, the Company has used the excess earnings method, a variation of the income approach, to amortize: (i) the fair value of the acquired customer relationships related to subscribers of $170 over a one-year period and (ii) the fair value of the acquired customer relationships related to call centers of $1,180, over a five-year period. The amount of the purchase price in excess of the fair value of the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill in the amount of $1,092 and primarily relates to intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce and synergies. For tax purposes, the goodwill is not deductible.

 

18

 

FLUENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

12. Variable Interest Entity

 

A VIE is an entity that either (i) has insufficient equity to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, or (ii) has equity investors who lack the characteristics of a controlling financial interest. The primary beneficiary is the party that has the power to direct activities that most significantly impact the operations of the VIE and has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The Company assesses whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE at the inception of the arrangement and as of the reporting date.

 

On January 9, 2023, the Company entered into employment agreements with certain key employees of TAPP, an influencer-based business, which uses as an application to utilize its relationship with influencer to bring consumers to advertising clients. The Company is also a customer of TAPP and accounts for the majority of TAPP’s revenues. By virtue of TAPP’s key employees being employed by the Company and the significance of the Company to TAPP’s financial performance, the Company determined that TAPP qualified as a VIE in which the Company had a variable interest and that the Company is the primary beneficiary as a result of its significant influence and control over certain activities that most significantly impact its economic performance. As a result, the Company consolidates the TAPP operations. As the Company does not have an equity interest, 100% of the net assets and results of the operations of TAPP are attributable to non-controlling interests.

 

As the Company gained control of TAPP, in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, it was then determined that TAPP constituted a business. The deemed fair value of the consideration was $4,165, which consisted of $1,250 of initial cash and $2,915 which was contingent based upon achievement of specified revenue and media margin targets over three years. The fair value of assets acquired, which excluded the immaterial net-working capital, were determined to be the publisher contracts of $1,100, which were valued using the 'with or without' method, a variation of the income approach, to be amortized over a period of one year and industry-based trade secrets of $1,510, which were valued using the excess earnings method, a variation of the income approach, to be amortized over a period of four years. The amount of the purchase price in excess of the fair value of the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill in the amount of $1,555 and primarily represents workforce and expected cash flow generation for the TAPP business that does not qualify for separate recognition as intangible assets included within the Fluent operating segment. For tax purposes, the value of the acquisition payments are treated as ordinary compensation for services rendered, deductible when paid and included in the employees’ wages. At and for the six months ended June 30, 2023, the assets and revenues of TAPP totaled a de minimis percentage of the Company’s total assets and revenue.

 

 

13. Subsequent Events

 

On July 31, 2023, the Company was informed that it would be receiving $4,022 of insurance proceeds to reimburse the Company for certain legal defense costs incurred in connection with the FTC investigation and PAAG matter, which have been classified as a current asset with an offsetting contra-expense to general and administrative expenses. On August 14, 2023, the insurance proceeds were received by the Company.

 

On August 21, 2023, in order to avoid a projected violation of certain financial covenants for the third and fourth quarters of 2023, Fluent, LLC entered into a fourth amendment to the Credit Agreement with certain subsidiaries of Fluent, LLC as guarantors, and Citizens Bank as administrative agent, lead arranger and bookrunner, which (i) adjusted certain financial covenants for the remaining fiscal quarters of 2023, (ii) temporarily adjusted interest rates, (iii) permitted Citizens Bank to retain a business consultant at Fluent, LLC’s expense to advise on the credit parties’ financial and operating performance; (iv) required weekly liquidity reports to Citizens Bank, (iv) required a $5,000 prepayment of the Term Loan, and (v) adjusted the Revolving Loans by the same amount to $10,000. The $5 million prepayment amount is reflected as current portion of long-term debt at June 30, 2023 in the consolidated balance sheet included in this report.

 

19

 
 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

 

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition to historical information, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PSLRA"), Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the "Exchange Act"), about our expectations, beliefs, or intentions regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations, strategies, the outcome of litigation, or prospects. Forward-looking statements are those that do not relate strictly to historical or current matters. Rather, forward-looking statements relate to anticipated or expected events, activities, trends, or results as of the date they are made. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as "anticipate," " believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "project," "will,"  or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. Because forward-looking statements relate to matters that have not yet occurred, these statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Many factors could cause our actual activities or results to differ materially from the activities and results anticipated in forward-looking statements. These factors include the disclosures made in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed on March 15, 2023 ("2022 Form 10-K") including, without limitation, those discussed in Item 1A. "Risk Factors." in Part I. of the 2022 Form 10-K,  the factors contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and such other factors contained in our  other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). We do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements, except as required by law. We intend that all forward-looking statements be subject to the safe harbor provisions of PSLRA. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and reflect our views as of the date they are made with respect to future events and financial performance.
 

Overview

 

Fluent, Inc. ("we," "us," "our," "Fluent," or the "Company"), is an industry leader in data-driven digital marketing services. We primarily perform customer acquisition services by operating highly scalable digital marketing campaigns, through which we connect our advertiser clients with consumers they are seeking to reach. We deliver data and performance-based marketing executions to our clients, which include over 500 consumer brands, direct marketers, and agencies across a wide range of industries, including Media & Entertainment, Financial Products & Services, Health & Wellness, Retail & Consumer, and Staffing & Recruitment.

 

We attract consumers at scale to our owned digital media properties primarily through promotional offerings where they are rewarded for completing activities within our platforms. To register on our sites, consumers provide their names, contact information and opt-in permission to present them with relevant offers on behalf of our clients. Approximately 90% of these users engage with our media on their mobile devices or tablets. Our always-on, real-time capabilities enable users to access our media whenever and wherever they choose.

 

Once users have registered on our sites, we integrate our proprietary direct marketing technologies to engage them with surveys, polls, and other experiences, through which we gather information about their lifestyles, preferences, purchasing histories and other matters. Based on these insights, we serve targeted, relevant offers to them on behalf of our clients. As new users register and engage on our sites and existing registrants re-engage, the enrichment of our database expands our addressable client base and improves the effectiveness of our performance-based campaigns.

 

Since our inception, we have amassed a large, proprietary database of first-party, self-declared user information and preferences. We have permission to contact the majority of users in our database through multiple channels, such as email, direct mail, telephone, push notifications, and SMS text messaging. We leverage this data in our performance offerings primarily to serve advertisements that we believe will be relevant to users based on the information they provide when they engage with our sites, and in our data offerings to provide our clients with users' contact information so that our clients may communicate with them directly. We may also leverage our existing database into new revenue streams, including utilization-based models, such as programmatic advertising.

 

We generate revenue by delivering measurable online marketing results to our clients. We differentiate ourselves from other marketing alternatives by our abilities to provide clients with a cost-effective and measurable return on advertising spend ("ROAS"), a measure of profitability of sales compared to the money spent on ads, to manage highly targeted and highly fragmented online media sources and to provide access to our owned digital media properties and technology platforms. We are predominantly paid on a negotiated or market-driven "per click," "per lead," or other "per action" basis that aligns with the customer acquisition cost targets of our clients. We bear the costs of sourcing traffic from publishers for our owned digital media properties that ultimately generate qualified clicks, leads, calls, app downloads or customers for our clients.

 

 

Through AdParlor, LLC, we conduct our non-core business which offers clients various social media strategies through the planning and buying of media on different platforms.

 

Second Quarter Financial Summary

 

Three months ended June 30, 2023, compared to three months ended June 30, 2022:

Revenue decreased 16% to $82.1 million, compared to $98.4 million

Net income was $4.3 million, or $0.05 per share, compared to net loss of $56.9 million or $0.70 per share

Gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was $22.6 million, a decrease of 20% as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2022, and representing 28% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2023

Media margin decreased 20% to $25.9 million, compared to $32.3 million, representing 31.5% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2023

Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $5.6 million, representing 6.8% of revenue, based on net income of $4.3 million, compared to $9.4 million, based on net loss of $56.9 million

Adjusted net income was $0.0 million, or $0.00 per share, compared to adjusted net income of $0.6 million, or $0.01 per share

 

Six months ended June 30, 2023, compared to six months ended June 30, 2022:

Revenue decreased 15% to $159.4 million, compared to $187.4 million

Net loss was $27.7 million, or $0.34 per share, compared to net loss of $59.0 million or $0.73 per share

Gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was $41.6 million, a decrease of 17% as compared to six months ended June 30, 2022, and representing 26% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2023

Media margin decreased 18% to $47.9 million, compared to $58.3 million, representing 30.0% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2023

Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $6.0 million, representing 3.8% of revenue, based on net loss of $27.7 million, compared to $14.2 million, based on net loss of $59.0 million

Adjusted net loss was $2.7 million, or $0.03 per share, compared to adjusted net income of $1.6 million, or $0.02 per share

Media margin, adjusted EBITDA, and adjusted net income (loss) are non-GAAP financial measures. See "Definitions, Reconciliations and Uses of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below.

 

Trends Affecting our Business

 

Development, Acquisition and Retention of High-Quality Targeted Media Traffic

 

Our business depends on identifying and accessing media sources that are of high quality and on our ability to attract targeted users to our media properties. As our business has grown, we have attracted larger and more sophisticated clients to our platform. To further increase our value proposition to clients and to fortify our leadership position in the evolving regulatory landscape of our industry, we implemented a Traffic Quality Initiative in 2020. Generating high quality traffic will remain a focus moving forward, and it is now part of a broader initiative to improve the consumer experience.

 

Starting in 2022, we increased our spend with major digital media platforms, revised our bidding strategies for affiliate traffic, and developed partnerships to expand traffic from social media platforms, including the growing influencer segment. We also pursued strategic initiatives that enable us to grow revenue with existing user traffic volume, while attracting new users to our media properties via email and SMS messages. These efforts have continued into the first half of 2023, as we continue to focus on improved monetization of consumer traffic through improved customer relationship management and internal capabilities that allow us to re-engage consumers who have registered on our owned media properties. Through these initiatives, our business has become less dependent on the volume of users to generate revenue growth.

 

We believe that significant value has been, and will continue to be, created by improving the quality of traffic sourced to our media properties, through increased user participation rates on our sites, leading to higher conversion rates, resulting in increased monetization, and ultimately increasing revenue and media margin. Media margin, a non-GAAP measure, is the portion of gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) reflecting variable costs paid for media and related expenses and excluding non-media cost of revenue.

 

 

Volatility of affiliate supply sources, changes in search engine algorithms, email and text message blocking algorithms, and increased competition for available media made the process of growing our traffic volume under our evolving quality standards challenging, which we saw in 2022, and have continued to be a factor into the first half of 2023. In an effort to offset these challenges, we invested in strategic internal efforts to secure additional traffic from the influencer and social media segments and continue to grow our e-commerce post-sales solution. In light of the challenging macro-economic environment, we have reviewed our strategic investments for 2023 and paused or eliminated lower priority projects while also streamlining our organization through targeted workforce reductions. The mix and profitability of our media channels, strategies, and partners is likely to continue to be dynamic and reflect evolving market trends and the regulatory environment.

 

Advertiser Trends & Seasonality

 

We deliver data and performance-based marketing executions to our clients across a wide range of industries, including Media & Entertainment, Financial Products & Services, Health & Wellness, Retail & Consumer, and Staffing & Recruitment. Both data and performance-based spend continued to be challenged in 2023 by general economic uncertainty. We experienced slowdowns in the first half of 2023 in certain segments of the Media & Entertainment, Staffing & Recruitment, and Financial Products & Services sectors. Additionally, in the third quarter we experienced pricing pressure from clients in certain segments of the Media & Entertainment sector that will add pressure to the marketplace in the short term.

 

In an effort to offset these challenges, we continue to work with a select group of advertisers to define high performing consumer segments and strategically price paid conversions to help clients drive higher return on ad spend. This initiative has driven increased budgets from clients in the gaming, streaming, and subscription segments, which, collectively, represents a large component of our revenue mix.

 

Additionally, our results are subject to fluctuations as a result of seasonality and cyclicality in our clients’ businesses. Other factors affecting our business may include macroeconomic conditions that impact the digital advertising industry, the various client verticals we serve, and general market conditions.

 

Business Practices & Compliance

 

During the first half of 2023, we continued to be impacted by slowing economic conditions and uncertainty. Additionally, as a result of the FTC Consent Order described in Part II, Item 1 – Legal Proceedings, below, we have made additional changes to our employment opportunities marketplace and programmatic advertising businesses and have implemented industry-leading compliance measures across the entire business, which will have a negative impact on our revenues and media margin in the third quarter and beyond. In the medium term, we expect that the increased industry-wide regulatory scrutiny will eliminate the competitive advantage that less compliance-focused platforms currently enjoy as a result of the changes we have implemented, and that our industry-leading compliance will be a competitive advantage enabling us to recapture market share from our competitors, but we cannot assure you that the adverse impact on our revenues and media margin will not continue longer than expected. Additionally, we anticipate decreased legal fees related to the inquiry on an ongoing basis. In response to the regulatory requirements, we will refocus investment into businesses unaffected by the FTC Consent Order, such as the Rewards business and Adflow, and our e-commerce post sales solution.

 

Current Economic Conditions

 

We are subject to risks and uncertainties caused by events with significant macroeconomic impacts. Inflation, rising interest rates and reduced consumer confidence have caused our clients and their customers to be cautious in their spending. The full impact of these macroeconomic events and the extent to which these macro factors may impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations in the future remains uncertain.

 

Please see Item 1A. Risk Factors in the 2022 Form 10-K, for more information or further discussion of the possible impact of unfavorable conditions on our business.

 

 

Definitions, Reconciliations and Uses of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We report the following non-GAAP measures:

 

Media margin is defined as that portion of gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) reflecting the variable costs paid for media and related expenses and excluding non-media cost of revenue. Gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) represents revenue minus cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization). Media margin is also presented as percentage of revenue.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) excluding (1) income taxes, (2) interest expense, net, (3) depreciation and amortization, (4) share-based compensation expense, (5) goodwill impairment, (6) write-off of intangible assets, (7) acquisition-related costs, (8) restructuring and other severance costs, and (9) certain litigation and other related costs.

 

Adjusted net income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) excluding (1) share-based compensation expense, (2) goodwill impairment, (3) write-off of intangible assets, (4) acquisition-related costs, (5) restructuring and other severance costs, and (6) certain litigation and other related costs. Adjusted net income (loss) is also presented on a per share (basic and diluted) basis.

 

Below is a reconciliation of media margin from gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, which we believe is the most directly comparable GAAP measure:

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Revenue

  $ 82,145     $ 98,361     $ 159,399     $ 187,424  

Less: Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

    59,540       70,026       117,812       137,589  

Gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

  $ 22,605     $ 28,335     $ 41,587     $ 49,835  

Gross profit (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) % of revenue

    28 %     29 %     26 %     27 %

Non-media cost of revenue (1)

    3,300       3,974       6,281       8,423  

Media margin

  $ 25,905     $ 32,309     $ 47,868     $ 58,258  

Media margin % of revenue

    31.5 %     32.8 %     30.0 %     31.1 %

 

(1)

Represents the portion of cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) not attributable to variable costs paid for media and related expenses.

 

 

Below is a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA from net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, which we believe is the most directly comparable GAAP measure:

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 4,251     $ (56,944 )   $ (27,692 )   $ (58,957 )

Income tax expense

    1,693       5,122       1,794       5,122  

Interest expense, net

    795       430       1,484       814  

Depreciation and amortization

    3,095       3,332       5,454       6,639  

Share-based compensation expense

    936       863       1,997       1,851  

Goodwill impairment

          55,400       25,700       55,400  

Write-off of intangible assets

                      128  

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

          21             21  

Acquisition-related costs(1)(2)

    562       579       1,185       1,137  

Restructuring and other severance costs

          38       480       38  

Certain litigation and other related costs

    (5,736 )     596       (4,358 )     1,998  

Adjusted EBITDA

  $ 5,596     $ 9,437     $ 6,044     $ 14,191  

 

(1)

Balance includes compensation expense related to non-competition agreements entered into as a result of certain acquisitions.

(2) Balance includes earn-out expense of $24 and $110 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as a result of certain acquisitions.

 

Below is a reconciliation of adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted net income (loss) per share from net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, which we believe is the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 4,251     $ (56,944 )   $ (27,692 )   $ (58,957 )

Share-based compensation expense

    936       863